On January 17th, the Department of Health and Human Services final changes to the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules, and the Interim Final Data Breach Rule were released for publication to the Federal Register. The final step in these long awaited changes to the Rules. Summarized here are some key points about the Omnibus Rule due to be published next week. Please contact RISC Management if your organization would be interested in a private webinar reviewing these changes in detail.
Effective date: This final rule is effective on March 26, 2013
Compliance date: Covered entities and business associates must be in accordance with the applicable requirements of this final rule by September 23, 2013
Summary of Major Provisions:
The omnibus final rule constitutes the following four final rules:
1. Final modifications to the HIPAA Privacy, Security, and Enforcement Rules mandated by the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, and certain other modifications to improve the Rules, which were issued as a proposed rule on July 14, 2010. These modifications:
- Make business associates of covered entities directly liable for compliance with certain of the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules’ requirements.
- Strengthen the limitations on the use and disclosure of protected health information for marketing and fundraising purposes, and prohibit the sale of protected health information without individual authorization.
- Expand individuals’ rights to receive electronic copies of their health information and to restrict disclosures to a health plan concerning treatment for which the individual has paid out of pocket in full.
- Require modifications to, and redistribution of, a covered entity’s notice of privacy practices.
- Modify the individual authorization and other requirements to facilitate research and disclosure of child immunization proof to schools, and to enable access to decedent information by family members or others.
- Adopt the additional HITECH Act enhancements to the Enforcement Rule not previously adopted in the October 30, 2009, interim final rule (referenced immediately below), such as the provisions addressing enforcement of noncompliance with the HIPAA Rules due to willful neglect.
2. Final rule adopting changes to the HIPAA Enforcement Rule to incorporate the increased and tiered civil money penalty structure provided by the HITECH Act, originally published as an interim final rule on October 30, 2009.
3. Final rule on Breach Notification for Unsecured Protected Health Information under the HITECH Act, which replaces the breach notification rule’s “harm” threshold with a more objective standard and supplants an interim final rule published on August 24, 2009.
4. Final rule modifying the HIPAA Privacy Rule as required by the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) to prohibit most health plans from using or disclosing genetic information for underwriting purposes, which was published as a proposed rule on October 7, 2009” (https://s3.amazonaws.com/public-inspection.federalregister.gov/2013-01073.pdf, pp. 4-5).
In this final rule the Department finalizes the modifications to the HIPAA Privacy, Security, and Enforcement Rules to implement many of the privacy, security, and enforcement provisions of the HITECH Act and make other changes to the Rules; modifies the Breach Notification Rule; finalizes the modifications to the HIPAA Privacy Rule to strengthen privacy protections for genetic information; and responds to the public comments received on the proposed and interim final rules. Section III below describes the effective and compliance dates of the final rule. Section IV describes the changes to the HIPAA Privacy, Security, and Enforcement Rules under the HITECH Act and other modifications that were proposed in July 2010, as well as the modifications to the Enforcement Rule under the HITECH Act that were addressed in the interim final rule published in October 2009. Section V describes the changes to the Breach Notification Rule. Section VI discusses the changes to the HIPAA Privacy Rule to strengthen privacy protections for genetic information
The Rules also:
- Clarify when breaches must be reported to HHS’ Office for Civil Rights;
- Establish new standards for the use of patient-identifiable information for fundraising and marketing;
- Expand liability to “business associates” of hospitals and other “HIPAA-covered entities,” such as data miners and health IT service providers
- Raise the maximum penalty for noncompliance to $1.5 million per violation
- Strengthen the privacy and security protections established under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability of 1996 Act (HIPAA) for individual’s health information maintained in electronic health records and other formats
- Increase flexibility for, and decrease burden on, the regulated entities, as well as to harmonize certain requirements with those under the Department’s Human Subjects Protections regulations
According to HHS, the rules stemmed in part from an executive order that directed HHS to conduct a retrospective review of existing regulations to determine ways to reduce costs and increase flexibility under HIPAA (Government Health IT, 1/17).
HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius said the rules “will help protect patient privacy and safeguard patients’ health information in an ever expanding digital age.”
While everyone should take note, Business Associates must really sit up and take notice. BAs are now primarily responsible to many of the same requirements as Covered Entities, and so are the Contractors of Business Associates. This is the time to evaluate the security and privacy controls around your contractors and offshore resources.
Business Associate Agreements – If you don’t have a current Business Associate Agreement in place that meets all of the current requirements of HIPAA and HITECH, Hurry! If there’s a compliant BAA in force before January 25th, you have 18 months to get an updated BAA in place. Otherwise, an updated BAA must be in place by September 23rd, 2013.
Notice of Privacy Practices (NPP) – All Covered Entities will need to update their NPP by September 23rd, 2013.
HHS announces first HIPAA breach settlement involving less than 500 patients
The Hospice of North Idaho (HONI) has agreed to pay the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) $50,000 to settle potential violations of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) Security Rule. This is the first settlement involving a breach of unprotected electronic protected health information (ePHI) affecting fewer than 500 individuals.
The investigation conducted by the HHS Office for Civil Rights (OCR) followed a breach report submitted by HONI as required by the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act reporting the theft of a laptop computer containing the electronic protected health information (ePHI) of 441 patients. Over the course of the investigation, OCR discovered that HONI had not conducted a risk analysis to safeguard ePHI. Further, HONI did not have in place policies or procedures to address mobile device security as required by the HIPAA Security Rule. Since the June 2010 theft, HONI has taken extensive additional steps to improve their HIPAA Privacy and Security compliance program.
This settlement is noteworthy as many Covered Entities and Business Associates have assumed that there are so many large data breaches occurring regularly, and posted on the OCR’s breach website, that they would be relatively safe or go unnoticed if smaller breaches were to occur. This landmark settlement once again provides ample time and warning to organizations that a Risk Analysis, Policies, and supporting Procedures were an important determining factor in assessing a fine. If your organization encounters health information related to an individual, you must perform a risk analysis, develop policies and supporting procedures, train the members of your workforce, and assess the success of your privacy and security programs. It costs an organization far more to endure an investigation, settlement, fine, and to have to put controls in place under the monitoring of the OCR and a third party, than to have done so proactively.
RISC Management can assist your organization with its initial, or periodic HIPAA risk analysis, with statements of policy, and with supporting procedures and control mechanisms. Visit http://www.riscsecurity.com/#!healthcare/c1iwz for more information.
The Press Release can be found on the HHS News page: http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2013pres/01/20130102a.html and Resolution Agreement can be found on the OCR website at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/enforcement/examples/honi-agreement.html.