by CJ Michael
One of the most difficult systems to manage is change. Every organization undergoes change in their applications or operating environment; it is difficult to stay relevant in your industry without keeping up-to-date. One of the most convincing reasons to implement a formal process to document and approve changes is that it really only takes one oversight to create chaos in your organization and unintentionally expose information security problems.
Change control can be defined as “a formal process used to ensure that changes to an application or system are conducted in a systematic, controlled, and coordinated manner.”1 The benefits of having a system for implementing changes in the organization are numerous and include reducing unauthorized changes and/or downtime, improving communication, maintaining system integrity, and preventing unnecessary security exposures. These benefits can translate into better sales, improved margins, and a more productive workforce. In determining the processes to follow for tracking and approving changes, an organization-wide decision must be made with risk management in mind. Consider any current processes in place and their effectiveness or what change tracking system is most compatible with existing infrastructure. Remember that the goal of a project like this is to improve processes, not make them more difficult or complex!
Change control is a “standard method and set of procedures for handling changes within the IT environment to help minimize risk to the business” and is a part of the more comprehensive discipline of change management. When employing a change management system, your organization should consider including all or most of the following steps for effective change management. This is a pattern recommended by Michelle Bigelow, contributor to Implementing Information Security in Healthcare: Building a Security Program.
- A change is requested
- The change is reviewed
- The change is either approved for testing or denied
- An approved change request is tested
- The change is documented
- The change is scheduled
- Information about the change is communicated to all affected parties
- The change is implemented
- The change is evaluated
- Technical vulnerabilities are assessed
- The change control database is updated
This is a very high-level process for managing changes within your organization. There are many other potential steps that are necessary depending on the importance of the system or regularity of the changes or updates. Unfortunately for many organizations, a lack of controls and documentation around change management is adding to risk exposure on a daily basis. If this type of program is something that your organization needs, please contact RISC Management for assistance. Remember that with any security program decision, the first step is always a Risk Analysis. If you don’t identify, analyze, and document your risk, you’ll never effectively manage it.
Sponsored by: RISC Management, www.RISCsecurity.com
Implementing Information Security in Healthcare: Building a Security Program
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