Cyber Security, Data Breach, News Events

Cyberattacks Against United States Targets, the White House, and a Critical Presidential Declaration!

The White House has been in the news over the past two weeks in reports from USA Today, CNN, NBC News, and many more sources.  Officials informed NBC News (Mitchell, 2015 April) that it is believed the Russians accessed the system through State Department computers which contained private unpublished schedule of President Obama. While attribution usually takes weeks or months for the FBI’s Cyber Division to determine and publish, the sources of the attacks are less important than the objective. The objective is similar across all of these attacks; to retrieve classified information. According to former FBI official Shawn Henry and the president and CSO of CrowdStrike Services cyber-attacks occur because countries such as China and Russia have the need to look at U.S. polices, how policies are created, new initiatives that are under consideration, basically anything that these foreign countries can get that will provide them with some advantage at the next level of trade talks and collect intelligence against the US for personal gains.

Healthcare organizations need to understand the criticality, reasoning, and determination for these attacks as well. When VIPs such as political or military leaders are seen or treated by their facility, or by a facility they are affiliated or networked with, their systems, networks, and data become a high priority target for foreign threat actors. Healthcare organizations often fail to realize how important their health information data repositories are for reasons entirely Unrelated to identity theft or medical billing fraud. Basic healthcare information about a head of state, a state department official involved in a negotiations process, senior leadership in the military or a congressional committee is incredibly important to both Nation-State actors and Terrorist organizations. Healthcare providers have no idea that cyber-bullets are flying by their ears in this electronic war!

On April 1st, 2015, President Barack Obama sent out an Executive Order titled “Blocking the Property of Certain Persons Engaging in Significant Malicious Cyber-Enabled activities”.  Here’s a short excerpt from the Executive Order:

Obama quote April 1 2015

Only a few months ago on January 13th, President Obama announced a legislative National Data Breach Notification standard and miscellaneous cybersecurity legislative proposals and efforts.  The Executive Order should provide the U.S. government the tools needed to combat the expanding malicious cyber activities.  The Executive Order enables the Treasury Department along with the Attorney General and the Secretary of State to impose sanctions on the unlawful actions created by hackers. The goal would be to freeze targets’ assets when operating in the U.S. financial system and prohibiting them from having transaction with American companies.

Both Public and Government sectors must pay immediate and substantial attention to this existing and evolving threat!


Henry.S. (2014, November 17). Cyber attacks hit State department email, web. Retrieved from

Hollywood Reporter. (2015, April 1). Obama creates federal sanctions to deal with cyber attacks. Retrieved from

Mitchell, A.(2015, April). Russia hacked White House last year, U.S. officials says. Retrieved from (2015, April 1). The White House: Executive order. Retrieved from

Cyber Security, Data Breach, Tip of the Week, Upcoming Events

Cybersecurity and Identity Theft

According to, cybersecurity is a shared responsibility. “Cybersecurity refers to ways to prevent, detect, and respond to attacks or unauthorized access against a computer system and its information.” To address the problem, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is collaborating with public and private partners to promote cybersecurity awareness for all internet users. It is amazing when you hear about DHS collaborating with the Secret Service and the Electronic Crimes Task Forces (ECTFs). It seems surreal and more likely to occur in the movies, but it is happening right now to regular people in their daily lives. We as a society are interconnected and willing to take the risks with technology. We enjoy the accessibility of mobile devices, checking emails, texting, sending photographs, and much more. There are many people who believes that he or she are experts in technology or savvy users. They bend the rules, use their own personal device to do work at the airport, coffee shop, and hotels. This type of person is not always concerned with using unsecured WiFi. This same person might even click on links in any email and might provide their username or password without a second thought.

It is very important to be aware and educated and know when it is necessary to use a VPN for a secure remote access to email and file servers. The word encryption always creeps up. So here are some important terminology and videos to increase awareness.

What is Identity Theft graphic     Tips graphic     What is cybercrime graphic

What is Identity Theft?

There are three types:

  • Medical Identity Theft
  • Tax-Related Identity Theft
  • Child Identity Theft

Medical Identity Theft

According to the FTC a criminal may use your name and health insurance policy number or group plan number to gain access to prescription medications and file claims with your insurance provider. In worst case scenario, the thief might even see a physician and receive care under your name. Your own health information will be mixed up with the thief with negative repercussion. You might receive the wrong medication, diagnosis, etc.

Some other signs might be a bill received for medical services not received, a call from a debt collector on your credit report that you do not recognize, a notice from the health plan stating you reached your benefit limit, a denial of insurance because your medical records show a condition you don’t have. The most important step is to prevent this situation from occurring. Protect your information by not sharing medical or insurance information by phone or email unless you initiated the call and the phone number is known to you. Keep your information in a secured and safe place. If the information is no longer needed, shredding the documents is a must! It is important to read the privacy policy of your physician’s office or their website prior to providing sensitive information online. Ask why the information is needed, how it will be kept safe and will it be shared with others. Always view the URLs prior to trusting the site and make sure they have https where “s” means secure. There are others with extended verification certificates such as PayPal.

https extended verification certificate

There are yellow locks that would show up when the connection is encrypted with modern cryptography but the page includes other resources which are not secure. The information can be viewed by others in transit or can be modified by an attacker to change the look of the page, etc.

https Yellow lock

Occasionally, I would go to my personal email account and would receive a red https with a red line through it. This typically means there might be something wrong.  If this happens, don’t trust the link and close it. Start with a new tab and type the website you want.

https red lock

But if you already suspect identity theft, then correcting mistakes in your medical record is the first solution. For more information follow this link:

Tax Related Identity Theft

In this scenario, the criminal can use your Social Security Number (SSN) to obtain your tax refund or obtain a job. It is very important to contact the IRS if you received notice that you made money from an employer you don’t know or when you notice that there are more than one tax return filed with your SSN. The first step is to review your tax return. It is important to know that the IRS does not contact taxpayer through email, text or social media message that asks for sensitive information. If you receive this type of email, do not reply or click on any links. The thief is using an activity called phishing by posing as a legitimate company to steal your online account or financial information. The next step to take is to forward the email to

Here is a good example from Microsoft on online privacy/phishing.

Phishing email message look like

What is cybercrime? Cybercrime is the “illegal activities undertaken by criminals for financial gain” (Detica, 2011, p.1). If you think you have been a victim of cybercrime and your identity is stolen or you have responded to a scam, immediately change the passwords and PINs on all your accounts, and report the incident to your Credit Card Company, bank, or health insurer. You should also report the Identity theft to the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) at Scams or fraud should be reported to the FTC at

View this short video if you think you’ve been a victim of identity theft:

“One out of every two adults working online has experienced a problem with cybercrime in the last year” according to David Finn (2015), Associate General Counsel & Executive Director, for Microsoft Cybercrime Center.

In the report written by Detica Limited, four areas of focus was mentioned:

  1. Costs in anticipation of cybercrime and the need for security measures (antivirus solutions, costs of insurance and IT)
  2. Costs as a consequence from monetary losses, and gaps in business continuity
  3. Costs in response to cybercrime such as fines and compensation to the identity theft victims
  4. Indirect costs such as organization’s loss of reputation or loss of revenue from reputational damages

The most important part of the report was the estimated annual cost from cybercrime to be £27bn per annum in the UK or about 43 billion U.S. dollars.

Here’s a short video with many tips on safe practices:

Child Identity Theft

Children’s SSN’s can be used by thieves to apply for government benefits, open a bank account, credit card account, apply for a loan, obtain utility service, or rent an apartment. It is very important to ask your child’s school why a sensitive information is required and how is it being stored, used, or thrown out. It is important as parents that you protect your child’s information and decrease the possibility of identity theft.

For more information please view this short video from the FTC:

Come visit with RISC and Virtual Auditor at HIMSS15 in Chicago. Hope to see you there!


RISC and VA in HIMSS15


Detica Limited. (2011). The cost of cybercrime: A Detica Report in partnership with the Office of Cyber Security and Information Assurance in the Cabinet Office. Retrieved from

Finn, D. (2015, January 28). Enterprise Perspectives: Microsoft Cybercrime Center. Retrieved from

Health (2015, January 12). Privacy and security. Retrieved from

Homeland Security.(2015, January 7). Cybersecurity. Retrieved from

Microsoft. (2014). Safety and Security Center. Retrieved from